Medical school: M.D. awarded, National Defense Medical Center, Taiwan
Graduate school: Ph.D. of Pathology awarded, Department of Pathology, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA
•General Thoracic Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taiwan
•Fellowship training in lung transplantation & minimally invasive surgery, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, North Carolina, USA
•Training in robotic surgery, Center for The Robotic at Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY, USA
--Minimally invasive & robotic thoracic surgery for lung cancer, esophageal cancer and mediastinal tumor, esophageal functional disorder, and myasthenia gravis
--Surgical critical care
•Research: Cancer epigenetics, Cancer stem cell, tumor microenvironment.